4 edition of Rubber and fishery industries under structural adjustment programme found in the catalog.
Rubber and fishery industries under structural adjustment programme
by Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER) in Ibadan
Written in English
Includes bibliographical references (p. 57-58).
|Series||NISER monograph series ;, no. 2, 1992, N.I.S.E.R. monograph series ;, 1992, no. 2.|
|LC Classifications||HD9161.N572 O37 1992|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||58 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||58|
|LC Control Number||94163530|
Structural Adjustment Program economic policies imposed on less developed countries by international agencies to create conditions encouraging international trade, such as raising taxes, reducing government spending, controlling inflation, selling publicly owned utilities to private cooperations and charging citizens move for services. Rubber finds use in a wide variety of products, due to which rubber consumption is driven by industrial growth as well as demand for consumer goods. Hence, per capita consumption of rubber is a relevant measure for assessing comparative markets for rubber. The per capita consumption of rubber .
(a) Structural adjustment conditions must be changed, so that countries can adopt pro-poor and pro-local farmers’ policies. The IMF, World Bank and donor countries should stop putting pressure on developing countries to liberalise their agricultural imports, or to give up subsidies or marketing assistance to farmers. The NSW Department of Primary Industries (NSW DPI) in consultation with the Structural Adjustment Review Committee (SARC) contracted GHD to complete a study into the potential impacts of the Commercial Fisheries Reform Program (the Reform Program) on the viability of NSW fishing cooperatives. Financial viability of cooperatives.
With member countries, staff from more than countries, and offices in over locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. A conclusion reached by the Government established Structural Adjustment Review Committee (SARC) was that the acceptance by the Government of the Independent Review findings sent a clear signal to industry that, as intended in the original introduction of share fisheries, shares would be the primary mechanism for determining access.
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Structural adjustment programs (SAPs) consist of loans (structural adjustment loans; SALs) provided by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB) to countries that experienced economic crises. The purpose is to adjust the country ’s economic structure, improve international competitiveness, and restore its balance of payments.
What are Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs). "Structural adjustment" is the name given to a set of "free market" economic policy reforms imposed on developing countries by the Bretton Woods institutions (the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF)) as a condition for receipt of loans.
SAPs were developed in the early s as a means of gaining stronger influence over the. Tanzania’s industrial sector has evolved through various stages since independence infrom nascent and undiversified to state-led import substitution industrialization, and subsequently to de-industrialization under the structural adjustment programmes and policy reforms.
The current development agenda, however, has brought industrial development back to be one of the policy. Tanzania’s industrial sector has evolved through various stages since independence infrom nascent and undiversified to state-led import substitution industrialization, and subsequently to deindustrialization under structural adjustment programmes and policy reforms.
The current development agenda, however, has brought industrial development back to be one of the policy. A common policy required in structural adjustment is the privatization of state-owned industries and resources.
Ostensibly, this policy aims to increase efficiency and investment, and decrease state spending. State-owned resources are to be sold whether they generate a fiscal profit or not. Critics have condemned privatization requirements. The Beginning: Obtaining a Structural Adjustment Loan The structural adjustment program is essentially a conditional loan.
The country in need (the borrower) approaches the IMF and World Bank (the lenders) for a loan. The lender services the loan based on the assumption that certain fiscal policies will take place within the borrow-country.
investigations is limited. This study tries to investigate the question of if Structural Adjustment Programs are the right means of fighting poverty.
2 Structural Adjustment Structural Adjustment Programs are programs which make it possible for countries to get a loan from the IMF or the World Bank. Tanzanian economy and Structural Adjustment Programs(SAPs) can be traced from when Tanzania got independence in 9th December when it was under the reins of late Mwl, J K Nyerere By this time Tanzania was under socialist economy, under socialist leadership from to enjoyed a peaceful socioeconomic environment however Tanzania is.
The economy of Kenya is a market-based economy with a liberalised external trade system and a few state enterprises. Major industries include agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining, manufacturing, energy, tourism and financial services.
As ofKenya had the third largest economy in Sub-Saharan Africa, coming behind Nigeria and South Africa. Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) are an important feature of contemporary development, yet they are often evaluated in the terms set out by lenders themselves, ignoring the wider implications of SAPs.
Structural Adjustment attempts to situate SAPs in a wider development context featuring case material from the UK, USA, Ghana, Mexico, India, Jamaica, Turkey, Eastern Europe, Mali.
Predominantly rural, and with limited natural resources, the economy of Senegal gains most of its foreign exchange from fish, phosphates, groundnuts, tourism, and one of the dominate parts of the economy, the agricultural sector of Senegal is highly vulnerable to environmental conditions, such as variations in rainfall and climate change, and changes in world commodity prices.
Structural adjustment programmes have further complicated national programmes and institutions, making delivery of limited government services all the more challenging. These problems have reduced the public-sector capacity to deliver, and the aquaculture sector has suffered.
Few fish farming traditions. In addition to fishing effort reduction, the implementation of this policy has also helped to effectively maintain the social stability of coastal fishing areas, promote the structural adjustment of marine fisheries, and alleviate the pressure on fisheries resources imposed.
The agricultural, forestry, and fishing sector accounts for most of the labour force of PNG. Agriculture currently accounts for 25% of GDP and supports more than 80% of the population. Most agriculture is subsistence, while cash crops are exported. The main crops by value are coffee, oil, cocoa, copra, tea, rubber, and sugar.
The timber. Brendan McGuigan Last Modified Date: Aug A structural adjustment program is a plan implemented by the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund in a developing nation to try to get their economies to be more goal of such a program is to help the borrowing nation pay off its debts and have a growing economy that will sustain them into the future.
This chapter reviews the history of manufacturing in Kenya, starting with the period immediately before independence indiscussing industrial policies pursued by different regimes and their impact on Kenyan manufacturing. The chapter concludes with a reflection of factors that have shaped industrial development in Kenya.
Like many developing countries, Kenya’s early years of. The following is a sample analysis from my upcoming book on the global economic crisis and global resistance movements. Please consider donating to The People’s Book Project to help support the effort to finish this book.
Political language is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind. Structural adjustment policies were also aimed at reducing state ownership in directly productive enterprises, such as hotels, which were divested.
Although the JLP government sought similar policies of divestment in oil refining and bauxite mining, the abrupt decisions of large foreign companies to leave Jamaica limited Seaga's flexibility. is a platform for academics to share research papers.
Opinion - The time is now for the South-West states to embark on a set of common institutional and organisational strategies for transforming agriculture through policies and investments. We need. The rubber is added to provide the ability to seal and provide chemical compatibility while helping to resist fungus, acid and weather conditions.
The ratio is usually 70% cork to 30% rubber binder. Cork rubber material is available in a wide variety of rubber options to best suit the chemical resistance requirement of the gasket. Structural Adjustment: Theory, Practice and Impacts examines the problems associated with Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) and reveals the damaging impacts they can have.
The book looks at how the debt crisis of the 's forced developing countries to seek external help and then reviews what constitutes as a standard adjustment programme, detailing the political, Reviews: 1.Industries by Supersector and NAICS Code.
This list of industries included in Industries at a Glance is arranged in North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code order. Each industry sector and subsector is placed into the appropriate group: Goods-Producing Industries or Service-Providing Industries.